Estonia and Latvia Fight For Independence - Russian Civil War Baltic Front I THE GREAT WAR June 191900:22:20

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Estonia and Latvia had declared their independence from Russia in the late 1918 chaos. Over the spring of 1919 both countries new governments needed to defend that independence not only against the Russian Bolsheviks, there was also a violent internal struggle about the future of these countries. The Baltic Germans didnt want to give up their social status and the even the anti-bolshevik Russians considered the Baltics as part of the Russian Empire.

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Sullivan, Charles L. The 1919 German Campaign in the Baltic. The Final Phase. In The Baltic States in Peace and War, 19171945, ed. V. Stanley Vardys and Romuald J. Misiunas, 31-42. (University Park: Penn State, 1978).

Tammela, Mari-Leen. Saaremaa Uprising. Estonica (Estonian Institute, 2012).

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Von Rauch, Georg. The Baltic States. The Years of Independence 1917-1940 (London: Hurst, 1995).

Smele, Jonathan. The Russian Civil Wars, 1916-1926: Ten Years That Shook the World (Oxford University Press: 2016)

Palmer, Alan. Northern Shores: A History of the Baltic Sea and Its Peoples (John Murray, 2005)

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Presented by: Jesse Alexander
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